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Birds in the Garden

Landscaping a garden to attract birds is a simple procedure of remembering one word.... diversification.
Birds are attracted to various food sources and therefore each of these can be designed into a garden.

Before the actual plants are selected, birds require the following:-
* a safe garden protected from cats and dogs
* a source of water
* a variety of nesting and sitting locations
* a blend of tall trees and shrubby bushes

Birds will be attracted to your garden for a number of reasons, such as:-
* their natural habitat has been destroyed
* their natural food source is hard to find
* climate changes have affected food sources

Given these reasons, landscapes should be made more bird friendly in both urban and rural districts.


Nectar feeding birds, simple plant list
natives: * gum trees (Eucalyptus and Corymbia)
* bottlebrushes (Callistemon)
* Grevillea
* Banksia
* golden penda (Xanthostemon)
* black bean (Castanospermum)
exotics:  * bird of paradise (Strelitzia)
* butterfly tree (Bauhinia)
* drunken parrot tree (Schotia)
* pom-pom bush (Calliandra)
* red hot pokers (Kniphofia)
* camilleas

Seed and fruit feeding birds, a simple list
natives:   * sheoaks (Casuarina and Allocasuarina)
* grass trees (Xanthorrhoea)
* lillypillies (Acmena and Syzygium)
* gums, banksia, bottlebrushes and grevillea
* wattles (Acacia)
* grass seeds

exotics:
many exotics that attract birds for their seed of fruit are known as weeds in some areas. Be careful with plant selection.

 


Insect and meat feeding birds
For these birds to come to your garden you must emilinate use of insecticides.
You can grow a range of plants that attract insects and butterflies.
Refer to the PLANT ID article on butterflies.

 

Should we feed native birds?
Feeding birds should only be done occassionally. Birds should not get to the stage where they rely on human suppliments, such as bird seed.
By providing a range of garden plants, this should satisfy both sides of the argument.

For more links on Birds, go to:
Canberra
http://www.canberrabirds.dynamite.com.au/gardenbl.htm

Northern Territory
http://www.greeningaustralia.org.au/GA/NT/HotTopics/Birds.htm

Queensland
http://birdsqueensland.org.au/

South Australia
http://www.birdssa.asn.au/

Tasmania
http://www.abs.gov.au/Ausstats/abs@.nsf/0/f688771216358a7fca256ccf0083d519?OpenDocument

Western Australia
http://birdswa.iinet.net.au/

ANGB notes
http://www.anbg.gov.au/birds/birds.html

SGAP notes
http://farrer.csu.edu.au/ASGAP/APOL11/sep98-4.html

Nursery Industry notes
http://www.floraforfauna.com.au/downloads/Attracting_Birds.pdf

Bird Observers Club of Australia
http://www.birdobservers.org.au/garden_survey.htm

Community Biodiversity Network
http://www.nccnsw.org.au/member/cbn/projects/earthalive/EA_birds.html

Book: Wildlife of Greater Brisbane, Queensland Museum

 

Text: Paul Plant, FAIH, Freelance garden and landscape writer

 





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