Sometimes incorrectly spelt as Clivea.
Also known as Kaffir lily in some countries although this term is now regarded as defamatory. The preferred common name is Clivia
Known as kunshi-ran in Japan.
Clivias are among the most easily cultivated bulbous plants.
Their attractive evergreen leaves, brilliant flower heads and eye-catching ripe berries, as well as their drought tolerance and ability to grow under low light conditions make them a popular garden or pot specimen.
Aspect: Dappled shade is the most suitable location for clivias outdoors but they will also grow well in heavy shade but will not flower quite as prolific They can take a couple of hours of early morning sun but should have shade for the rest of the day. Too much sun scorches the leaves.
They make great impact as a specimen pot plant for the shady patio and can be grown successfully indoors in good light.
Clivias are best used in drift plantings under shady trees. They are also recommended for areas of dry shade and once planted they like to remain in the same position for many years. Best flowering comes from well established clumps.
In containers, clivias like having their roots slightly restricted and provided they are well fertilised grow extremely well in tubs either of terracotta or plastic construction. Once established they can be left undisturbed for many years until flowering performance diminishes. Then they can be lifted divided and replanted.
Clivias require good drainage, good soil aeration and high humus content. If grown in the garden large amounts of compost are required in the raised bed; which provides for good drainage.
Watering: Established clivia plants are quite drought resistant provided they have shade and plenty of organic matter. They should receive regular watering during their active growing season and less water in the winter. In containers one or two deep waterings per week during the growing season, and one good watering every two to three weeks during winter, is ideal.
Fertilising: Clivias are gross feeders, and the quality of flowers, leaves and fruit can be greatly enhanced by regular feeding. Young seedlings respond very well to foliar feeding with liquid fertiliser every few weeks. Slow release fertiliser such as Osmocote can also be used to fertilise the soil over a long period.
Hardiness: Clivias are frost tender, so therefore are best grown in containers in very cold climates, where they can be protected from the harsh elements.
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